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The first controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air flight by the Wright brothers on 17 December 1903 covered a mere 40 metres, flying just a couple of feet above ground, with Orville Wright, spread-eagled across the lower wing of the biplane, functioning as the world's first aeroplane pilot. News of this achievement was met with disbelief across the Atlantic Ocean almost to the point of scorn. Only when the Wright brothers repeated a flight on French soil in 1908, one year before French aviation pioneer Louis Bleriot crossed the English channel by aeroplane wearing a Zenith timepiece, were the detractors forced to apologise for their scathing criticism. Much more significant than the Wright brothers' first flight itself, however, were the principles that the brothers had developed for controlling any fixed-wing aircraft, starting with the gliders that they launched on the Kitty Hawk sands in North Carolina. Based on controlling the aircraft along three axes - pitch, roll and yaw - they remain the basic principles for controlling fixed-wing aircraft to this day. A vintage Zenith cockpit clock Zenith The development of aviation created an entirely new market for flight instruments, in which Zenith was one of the early pioneers. Using the same proven technology that helped its pocket replica watches withstand vibrations and magnetic fields, the brand was one of the first to supply altimeters, on-board clocks and chronographs to equip early aircraft. As the field of manned flight evolved, it made its mark on the history of wristreplica watches. Genuine wristreplica watches (rather than pocket replica watches that had merely been adapted to wear on the wrist) had only been around for a couple of years at the time and were quickly adapted for use by early pilots. The key requirements: a clear dial, ideally black to avoid reflections, a large crown that could be manipulated wearing gloves and, of course, a reliable mechanical movement to ensure precision timekeeping. The new Zenith Pilot Type 20 GMT 1903 is the perfect example of such a watch. But despite its vintage look, it is a timepiece of the 21st century with the technology to match. Part of a collection that is still going strong some 75 years after it was fitted to the instrument panels of aircraft such as the Caudron trainer planes used by the French air force, this new limited-edition model pays tribute to the Wright brothers who started it all over a century ago. The Zenith Pilot Type 20 GMT 1903 Zenith It recreates the look of its vintage predecessors using a DLC-coated titanium case with an imposing 48mm diameter, in which an unusually high level of detail has been applied to creating an original vintage look. The black dial is sandblasted five times and the period Arabic numerals are given an "old radium" treatment before the more modern coating of SuperLuminova is applied. The same treatment is applied to the black ruthenium hands and the distinctive pattern of apparent ageing that this creates is unique to each individual watch. Precision timekeeping is ensured by the Zenith Elite 693 self-winding movement, which runs at 28,800 vibrations per hour and offers a power reserve of at least 50 hours. It drives the central hour and minute hands and a small seconds indication at 9 o'clock on the dial. An additional central GMT hand offers a handy reference for the modern pilot or traveller and is easily adjusted using a large pushbutton at 10 o'clock. Beneath this pushbutton, on the side of the case, a plate bearing the individual number of the limited edition is screwed on to the case middle. Only 1,903 units of this piece will be available, commemorating the year of the Wright brothers' flight. A bund-style strap in brown nubuck leather perfectly underscores the pilot replica watch credentials of this piece and has a lining that is heat-embossed with the "Zenith Flying Instruments" logo, the same found on the case-back. After Felix Baumgartner jumped from a balloon on the edge of space to free-fall back to Earth wearing a Zenith timepiece less than two years ago, the brand now comes full circle with this admirable tribute to the early daredevils in aviation history. WORLDTEMPUS - 19 March 2010Elizabeth DoerrThe A. H. C. I. Academie Horlogere des Createurs Independents (Horological Academy of Impartial Creators) a unfastened grouping of thirty-five idealistic impartial watchmakers, celebrates twenty five decades alongside one another.
The Arms of your time is often a 200-page hardback e-book published in honor on the A. H. C. I. 's twenty fifth anniversary
A. H. C. I.
Celebrating this monumental milestone which unquestionably aided in bringing in regards to the mechanical renaissance the Academy, as it is thought, provides a brand new e-book termed The Hands of time. Conceived by member Peter Speake-Marin and prepared by Ian Skellern, The Fingers of your time briefly chronicles the events bordering the formation of your group and contains a chapter on every of your 33 present associates. Readers, even these not perfectly versed from the intricacies of impartial mechanical watchmaking, will benefit from the distinct language and two hundred internet pages of shade photography chronicling these masters in their craft. It could possibly be bought for 60 Swiss francs at the A. H. C. I. booth in the course of Baselworld 2010 (Hall 5. one, A01) or at watchprint. com.
AHCI founders Vincent Calabrese (still left) and Svend Andersen rejoice 25 a long time of your group
Ian Skellern
Telling for the make-up of the group may be the proven fact that neither of its founders, Svend Andersen and Vincent Calabrese, is Swiss. Nevertheless almost all the users reside and perform in Switzerland, the multinational team can boast eleven distinctive nations of origin. From the wake in the quartz disaster, Andersen, a Dane, and Calabrese, an Italian, were being equally training their craft in Geneva. Andersen relates that at the finish in the 1970s, operating for a restorer, "someone introduced me an incredibly complicated motion with no scenario. I had been designed to reconstruct it. " On attaining this hard job, he was assaulted with an avalanche of requests from collectors regarding classic items they owned. He described how, by about 1984, he and Calabrese were currently being frequented largely by Italian collectors in search of bespoke mechanical replica watches. Andersen and Calabrese realized this was some time to catch the attention of curiosity in unbiased mechanical watchmaking. Background has considering the fact that revealed that their selection was greater than right: the founding on the A. H. C. I. remains a key focal point inside the higher watchmaking arena, and could properly have already been among the list of crucial proponents of your mechanical renaissance with the time.
Peter Speake-Marin (remaining) and Ian Skellern benefit from the premiere of "The Palms of Time"
Ian Skellern
The Academy has only flourished considering that remaining the leading inventive driving power towards the present day and at Baselworld 2010 seventeen customers and candidates exhibit their creations for the classic A. H. C. I. booth situated in Corridor five. one together with Thomas Prescher, Philippe Wurtz, Aaron Becsei, Paul Gerber, Miki Eleta, Svend Andersen, Marco Lang, Christiaan van der Klaauw, Rainer Nienaber, Matthias Naeschke, Robert Bray, Frank Jutzi and Pita. A single big shock awaiting this year's visitors, on the other hand, may be the revamped booth structure allowing for for that exhibition of a lot more hanging timepieces since many A. H. C. I. associates are specialized in wall clocks. Many other customers are exhibiting in other areas all over the honest: Vianney Halter and Kari Voutilainen, for example, are in neighboring booth C01, whilst Peter Speake-Marin, Felix Baumgartner, and Conquer Haldimann exhibit their creativeness during the new Palace hall.
The AHCI enjoys a new booth at Baselworld in celebration of twenty five several years of existence
Ian Skellern